An Analysis of the Critical Essence of Marx’s Dialectics


Critical essence
Liberating interest




Through continuous inquiry and reflection on the roots of religion, Marx was able to understand the limits of political emancipation when the relationship between political emancipation and religion was correctly revealed. People were not only restricted by the metaphysics of ideas but in reality, they were also restricted by capital. Hegel used concepts while Feuerbach used sensibility as ways to rescue them, yet they were all still trapped in metaphysics. Marx proposed a way on the basis of sublating the two, not only in terms of metaphysics but also the capital by thoroughly criticizing reality. It is through the path of dialectics that Marx was able to introduce a higher-level communist society in the internal criticism and denial of capitalist society by profoundly revealing the theoretical dilemma and internal contradictions of the fusion of metaphysics and capital in the pursuit and realization of human freedom and liberation.


2009, Marx & Engels Collected Works Vol 01, People’s Publishing House, Beijing, 11.

2009, Marx & Engels Collected Works Vol 05, People’s Publishing House, Beijing, 22.

2009, Marx & Engels Collected Works Vol 10, People’s Publishing House, Beijing, 7.